Orthopedics composes of a human musculoskeletal system including bones, joints, muscles, and ligaments. The most common orthopedic problems are arthritis (osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis), bursitis, osteoporosis, fractures, tendinitis, and sprains.

Most Common Orthopedic Problems.

Problems that are concerned with muscles, ligaments, and joints are considered orthopedic. The common orthopedics disorders that can happen are ailments, knee problems, injuries, strain, pain, dislocated shoulder, whiplash, foot pain, and neck pain. There are many other problems associated with the orthopedic disorders which we are discussing here.


CAUSES  Arthritis is a rheumatic disorder which is commonly caused by the inflammation in joints and causes various difficulties in patients such as pain, swelling, and limitations in the physical movements of the patients.

Arthritis can be of varied types such as:

Osteoarthritis- This is one of the most common kinds of arthritis affecting the patients in some of the vital joints of the body such as those of knees, spine, and hip causing much difficulty in physical activities.

Fibromyalgia- This kind of arthritis causes constant painful sensations in the muscles and the soft tissues of the body.

Apart from this rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, ankylosing spondylitis etcetera are other common disorders chronic in nature.

AFFECTED AGE-GROUPS- Apart from arthritis which is induced by other diseases (psoriatic arthritis), arthritis is quite common in older adults above 45 years of age.

TREATMENT: The following ways are used to treat arthritis patients-

One of the most common ways of looking at the treatment of arthritis lies in medication which is often prescribed to ease the pain and reduce the causes of arthritis.

Hot and cold solutions are also used as a home remedy which comes in handy for people who wish to excuse themselves from the side effects of too much dependence on medicines.

Joint immobilization, massage, and acupuncture are some of the other methods that are used by the orthopedics to treat arthritis.


CAUSES: Osteoporosis is a bone disease causing the tissues to erode. The disease is quite common in women above 45 due to natural stage cycle of Menopause. Not just women, men are also in much danger of the disease owing to the fact that aging also reduces bone density and tissue structure.

AFFECTED AGE-GROUPS: The disease is called a silent disease as its symptoms aren't much visible. However, people crossing the age of 50 are most likely to develop this disease.


Medications for the disease are prescribed by the orthopedics to help the bone regain their lost tissue structure. They're also given to ease the pain that comes as a side-effect of the disease.

Home remedies also come quite handy for people with osteoporosis. Massages and acupuncture are some of the age-old techniques used to treat people with the disease.

Regular moderate exercising and yoga have proven to be quite the boon for the disease which causes problems in physical activity.


CAUSES: Body fractures and pains are most often induced by any kind of accidental incidents or simply due to the fact that with age the bones and joints grow brittle and lower in density which makes them much prone to fractures and pains alike.

AFFECTED AGES: The fractures and pains can happen due to injury at any age, however, the bone grows brittle when a person grows older.

TREATMENTS: The treatment for fractures is most commonly done through the monthly procedure of covering the affected area in plasters to maintain a posture. These pains can be commonly treated by medicine, rehabilitation techniques, and massages/ acupuncture.

Apart from the mentioned diseases and disorders, some of the others are mentioned below:

• Osteoarthritis

• Bursitis

• Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

• Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)

• Medial Epicondylitis (Golfers or Baseball Elbow)

• Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

• Ligament Injuries to the Knee

• Kyphosis

• Paget's Disease of the Bone

• Scoliosis

• Soft-Tissue Injuries

Preventing Orthopedic Disorders

The Orthopedic Disorders can be prevented by controlling, exercising, and being aware of proper lifting, walking, running and other working issues. There are as many treatments for orthopedic disorders like:
  • Maintain a healthy weight

  • Keep doing the exercise

  • Stretch before exercise

  • Develop a strong core

  • Wear comfortable shoes

  • Get a regular checkup from the doctor

  • If you work at a computer, consider a standing workstation or make movements

  • To maintain a strategic distance from orthopedic disorders, take breaks frequently and type delicately.

  • Don’t do the repetitive movements that can cause pain or strain.

  • Lift properly using your core muscles.

Orthopedic disorders can happen in any bone of the body. It can affect the whole body, bones, ligaments, and back. To avoid all these problems, keep your good health and skeletal system proper functioning. Eat right and do exercise. Drink milk and eat fruits and intake vitamin D. Take proper care of the orthopedic requirements of your body.